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Hints on laying paving from Bradstone

Although paving can be directly laid onto a 50mm layer of sharp sand on top of well tamped soil cleared of vegetation, for greater stability it is highly recommended that paving is laid on a bed of firm foundations. Always dry lay a test area first to make sure you are happy with the pattern and as a check on the size of the finished area. Allow approximately 10 mm joints for pointing; more for paving with fettled edges (see note on joint widths below).

1. Allow at least 150mm below the damp proof course and dig down another 150mm for the paving/foundations. This applies to the whole area to be paved.

2. Cover the entire area with a semi-dry foundation mix of 6 parts sandy ballast : 1 part cement to a minimum depth of 75mm. This should be firmed with a piece of timber. Remember to allow for the thickness of the paving stones on the mortar bed.

3. Lay the first paving stone in the corner of the area to be paved on a bed of mortar (3-4 parts building sand : 1 part cement). Tap down the centre of the stone with a wooden or rubber mallet to the required height. Repeat, ensuring that the paving is level using a spirit level and the joints are evenly spaced.

4. On completion, point the joints using a semi-dry mortar mix of 3 parts building sand : 1 part cement. The mix should not be too wet or too dry.

Hints on laying circles

i. Mark out circle with a sand line and excavate 150mm for the foundations
ii. Cover the entire area with a foundation mix. Centre pin and lay first four centre quarters on a bed of mortar (having dry laid first)
iii. Dry lay inner middle before mortaring into position. Repeat to complete
v. For ease, use a mechanical cutter fiv. Point joints, even
false ones at centre



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